There are many conditions that can lead to the need for Ostomy surgery.
First, it depends on what kind of ostomy you’re referring to: Colostomy (large intestine), Urostomy (urinary system), Ileostomy (small intestine).
Colostomy: Colon cancer is probably the most common reason for a colostomy. With colon cancer, a section of the colon is removed, and often this requires a bowel diversion.
Ileostomy: An ileostomy diverts the entire large intestine. There are multiple medical conditions where ostomy surgery may be required. The two most common conditions, both known as Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) are severe cases of Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis (often abbreviated as “UC”). Ileostomies are also common among patients with colorectal cancer, familial adenomatous polyposis, or Hirschprung’s disease. (Yes, each of these sound as pleasant as they actually are.)
Urostomy: There are multiple reasons where a urostomy is present, all of which share the common circumstances where the bladder cannot properly drain urine through the bladder and urethra.
There are also other reasons (injuries, bowel surgeries that require healing before they’re functional again, etc.) why one may need Ostomy surgery, for any reason why it may no longer be possible for your digestion to take its natural course through the body. These could be temporary or permanent, depending on the medical needs and circumstances.
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